romans 1:14 commentary

In , the simplest construction is to make subject and predicate, supplying : all that depends on me is eager, i.e., for my part, I am all readiness. We cannot hinder … As he sat, he heard children playing a game and they called out to each other these words: “Take up and read! And to the (rude) Barbarians, both to the wise and to the unwise - to all alike, without distinction of race or of culture. The principle underlying these words is that personal possession of any peculiar privilege is of the nature of a trust, and involves the obligation that the privilege shall be used by the individual, not for his own pleasure or profit merely, but for the welfare of those who are not similarly blessed. His commission was a general one, confined to no one nation, and to no particular class. The Greeks called other people but themselves barbarians, but in the apostolic age the Romans were excepted. When he speaks of the Greeks he is not simply speaking of people who came from Greece. Romans 8:1-14 New International Version May 12, 2019 The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Sunday School Lessons Series) for Sunday, May 12, 2019, is from Romans 8:1-14.Questions for Discussion and Thinking Further follow the verse-by-verse International Bible Lesson Commentary. Consider the design of Christ's death: also that drawing a soul to sin, threatens the destruction of that soul. Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit. 3 The one who eats everything must not treat with contempt the one who does … 11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established; 12 That is, that I may be comforted together with you by the mutual faith both of you and me. I have been stressing during the five years we have been on television, Paul is the designated apostle of the Gentiles. And this, again, only answers to what stands in the O.T.—It is written, the righteous shall live by faith.”, I am a debtor. βάρβαρος means properly a foreigner, one of another language, 1 Corinthians 14:11. A chapter by chapter and verse by verse study of Romans taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon. God help us to feel that we, too, are debtors to all men indiscriminately. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Romans. If it depended only on him, he would be exercising his ministry at Rome. OVERVIEW. It was something men treasured and were proud of, to such an extent that they looked down on people who could only say, ‘bar-bar-bar’ (Barbarians), which was what the non-Greek languages sounded like to them. What does Romans 1:14 mean? “I am not ashamed of the Gospel; for it is a power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth. Having been saved we come under an obligation to bring others to Christ. In modern phraseology, the words may be rendered, “Both to the civilized and to the uncivilized, both to the learned and to the unlearned, am I a debtor.” The two last terms are not exactly parallel to the two first, as many unlearned were among the Greeks, or the civilized, as well as among the Barbarians. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Language) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. BIBLICAL COMMENTARY (Bible Study) Romans 1:1-14 EXEGESIS: ROMANS 1:1-14. If it depended only on him, he would be exercising his ministry at Rome. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Frédéric Louis Godet - Commentary on Selected Books, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. I am under obligation both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish. Greek was spoken everywhere. This is the case with the learned and the unlearned, who are both altogether ignorant of the way of salvation, till it be revealed to them by the Gospel, to which everything, by the command of God, the wisdom as well as the folly of the world, — in one word, all things besides, — must yield subjection. (So several of the fathers, and in modern times those who lean much on the fathers-Wordsworth, for example, quotes in support of it 1 Corinthians 14:18). That is, I am bound to preach the word of God to all. See John 7:35 with John 12:20. wise. On the contrary, it might be alleged that he was debtor only to the Barbarians, as the Greeks were already so enlightened. Being a Christian didn"t make Paul any "better" than others, but it made him a debtor of all. Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. Romans 3:25-26 Commentary. He does not, however, hesitate to recognize the debt or obligation, because, when God called him to their service, he was in effect their servant, as he says in another place, ‘Ourselves your servants for Jesus’ sake.’ The foundation of this duty was not in those whom he desired to serve, but in God, and the force of this obligation was so much the stronger as it was Divine; it was a law imposed by sovereign authority, and consequently an inviolable law. Four things are here taught, as a Christian's directory for his day's work. The Greeks called all other peoples ‘Barbarians;’ the word having reference to the strange, unintelligible language. There was also a class of people within the empire who saw themselves as ‘wise. Greeks and barbarians therefore, is equivalent to Greeks and not Greeks, all nations. In their own way they were as separatist as the Pharisees, although for different reasons. With regard to Paul, it included, on the one hand, all the duties of the apostolic office, and, on the other, the dangers and persecutions to which that office exposed him, without even excepting martyrdom, when he should be called to that last trial. He begins here at Romans 3:20 because he wants to start the published volumes at what he calls the “heart” of Romans. "Debtor"-"under obligation" (NASV). It is such because there is revealed in it —the very thing men need to ensure salvation; and that in such a manner—from faith to faith—as to make it accessible to all. What I have that another has not is to be used by me, not for my … ‘I am debtor both to Greeks and to Barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish.’. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. The two pairs together ‘are used, apparently, merely as comprehending all Gentiles, whether considered in regard of race or of intellect; and are placed here certainly not without a prospective reference to the universality of guilt, and need of the gospel, which he is presently about to prove existed in the Gentile world.’ (Alford. He merely means “to all mankind, no matter what their nationality or culture.” The classification is exhaustive. The logic Paul seeks to refute is that grace has the opportunity to show itself for what it is — a gift given in the face of rejection — when … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 6:1-14" He wants to strengthen the believers there with a spiritual gift (Romans 1:11). Romans 1:14 - 17 (NKJV) 14 I am a debtor both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to wise and to unwise. 16For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. He covered Romans 1:1–14:17 during the period October, 1955 to March, 1968. Two things are to be here considered — that the gospel is by a heavenly mandate destined and offered to the wise, in order that the Lord may subject to himself all the wisdom of this world, and make all variety of talents, and every kind of science, and the loftiness of all arts, to give way to the simplicity of his doctrine; and what is more, they are to be reduced to the same rank with the unlearned, and to be made so meek, as to be able to bear those to be their fellow-disciples under their master, Christ, whom they would not have deigned before to take as their scholars; and then that the unlearned are by no means to be driven away from this school, nor are they to flee away from it through groundless fear; for if Paul was indebted to them, being a faithful debtor, he had doubtless discharged what he owed; and thus they will find here what they will be capable of enjoying. And when Alexander’s empire broke up the Greek culture and language remained. In his sermon, “Why Christ Had To Die,” author and pastor Stuart Briscoe says: Many years ago when the children were small, we went for a little drive in the lovely English countryside, and there was some fresh snow. But in whatever way these distinctions were viewed, he declares that both the one and the other were equal to him: he was debtor to them all, — to the Greeks, because their light was only the darkness of error or of idle speculation — to the Barbarians, for he ought to have compassion on their ignorance. He has received such a wonderful revelation and commission from God that he recognises that it has put him under an obligation to share it with others. anoetos, unintelligent. They enjoyed the works and teaching of the philosophers, and looked down on those who neither read them nor understood them, seeing them as ‘foolish’ (compare Acts 17:21). Read Introduction to Romans . The Romans, whose city was called "an epitome of the world," belonged exclusively neither to the one class nor to the other. Considering the … (Calmet). 14.I am a debtor both to the Greeks and to the Barbarians, etc. From this it has been argued that "the gift of tongues" must have been designed to facilitate the preaching of the Gospel in foreign countries. I saw a lovely field with not a single blemish on the virgin snow. Subject to the governing authorities: The connection between Romans 12 and Romans 13is clear. In the summer of 386, a young man wept in the backyard of a friend. Romans 1:14. I am debtor. I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that often I have planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far) so that I may obtain some fruit … Commentary on Romans 14:14-18 (Read Romans 14:14-18) Christ deals gently with those who have true grace, though they are weak in it. 2:1-9). 14 Accept the one whose faith is weak, without quarreling over disputable matters. www.easyenglish.bible. It was common for letters to begin with the name of the person writing the letter and the name of the person for whom it was intended. 1 Corinthians 1:20; 1 Corinthians 1:26-28.) Hilda Bright and Keith Simons. Galatians 1:3, Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:3; 1 Timothy 6:9. So I want you to run around that cir… But at Rome, of all places, where the whole effective force of humanity seemed to be gathered up, one might be ashamed to stand forth as the representative of an apparently impotent and ineffective thing. Greeks. So, as much as is in me, to you also that are at Rome, I am ready to preach the gospel. It became a term of reproach, because the Greeks, with their pride of race and culture, and the Romans, with their pride of power, looked down upon other nations. "Barbarians" -to the Greeks all non-Greeks were barbarians. Romans 1:14. Romans 4:10-12 Commentary. With this Paul introduces the great subject of the epistle, and, in a sense, of the Gospel—that which he here designates . a. As the Greeks however, excelled other nations in civilization, the word came to signify rude, uncultivated; though even by later writers it is often used in its original sense, and not as a term of reproach. "We owe Christ to the Christless". Indeed he feels under a great burden of debt to all men. 14. To us this notion appears as improbable in itself as it is void of all evidence as matter of fact. Every soul: This c… For many of us, Romans 6 is scripture we have turned to as we have developed a theology of baptism, debated the merits of immersion versus sprinkling based on the imagery of burial and resurrection, and to whom it should be applied. 15So, as much as is in me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also. Sermon Bible Commentary. — I am debtor both to the Greeks and to the Barbarians, both to the wise and to the universe. He wants to be mutually encouraged, along with them, about each other's faith in Christ (Romans 1:12). “Consider yourself” is logidzomai in Greek. And it is a debt owed by all who receive salvation to those who have not yet received it. Titus 3:3. Take up and read!”b. He owed it, or was under obligation to preach the gospel both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians. He knew his life of sin and rebellion against God left him empty and feeling dead; but he just couldn’t find the strength to make a final, real decision for Jesus Christ. Romans 1:14. Hellen. "Foolish"-in preaching, Paul saw no racial, culture or social barriers. Romans 3:24 Commentary. 14 I am a debtor both to Greeks . But after the Roman became masters of the world, they were excepted, through policy, from the number of barbarians, and particularly after they began to cultivate the science of the Greeks. The article is omitted in the original, and is not necessary in English; the word ‘unwise’ is not strictly accurate, since it suggests a verbal correspondence which does not exist. Romans 1:14. The contrast implied is that between willing (which Paul for his part is equal to) and carrying out the will (which depends on God (Romans 1:10)). Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Commentary on Romans 13:11-14. Romans 1:14 f. These verses are naturally taken as an expansion of the thought contained in the preceding. ", Paul HAD TO PREACH. Both to Greeks and barbarians, to the wise and to the unwise, I am debtor. Commentary on Romans by John Calvin. ROMANS 8:1-14 – PART 2. Then I came back to the kids, and I said, “Now, children, I want you to follow in my footsteps. Romans 4:19-21 Commentary. ‘Paul regards the divine obligation of office, received through Christ (Romans 1:5), as the undertaking of a debt, which he has to discharge by preaching the Gospel among all Gentile nations. In Romans 13:11, manuscripts vary in reading either “you” or “we” in relation to being awake from sleep. Through the conquests of Alexander the Great, Greek influence and Greek culture had permeated the known world, and especially the great cities. Еллинам и Варварам, мудрецам. I stopped the car, and I vaulted over the gate, and I ran around in a great big circle striding as wide as I could. This expresses the difference of natural intelligence and cultivation in every nation; it is not a repetition of the previous clause. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. Paul’s letter to the *Romans. Greek. All teachers have also a rule here which they are to follow, and that is, modestly and kindly to accommodate themselves to the capacities of the ignorant and unlearned. Browse Sermons on Romans 8:1-14. Græcia victa ferum victorem cepit, et artes, --- St. Paul says, that he is a debtor both to Greeks and barbarians, to the wise, the philosophers, those who pass for sages amongst the pagans, and to the simple, ignorant, unlettered class of mankind: not that he had received any thing at their hands, but because it was his duty, in quality of apostle, to address himself to the whole world, and preach to the great and to the small, to the learned and the unlearned. Greek. But Paul wanted to stress that the foolish had as much right to the Good News as the wise, and in 1 Corinthians 1-2 he makes clear that it tended in fact to be the foolish who responded to the Good News (although not exclusively) for the wise were too self-satisfied with their own supposed wisdom. To Greeks and to Barbarians. “I am debtor both to Greeks and barbarians, to the wise and the unwise.” The Greeks in every ramification of culture and civilization (i. e., poetry, oratory, philosophy and the fine arts) had stood at the top of the world the last five hundred years. (36). Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Romans 8:1-14. He then takes an argument from his own office, and intimates that it ought not to be ascribed to his arrogance, that he thought himself in a manner capable of teaching the Romans, however much they excelled in learning and wisdom and in the knowledge of things, inasmuch as it had pleased the Lord to make him a debtor even to the wise. Consequently, I feel that it’s in the Pauline letters that we have to garner basically the fundamental truths for Salvation, for the Christian walk, for the operation of the local Church. Romans 3:29-31 Commentary. When Christ imparts to any one the blessings of his grace, it lays him under peculiar obligations to do good as he has opportunity; especially to promote the spiritual good of all his fellow-men. Sermon Notes – Romans 6:1-14, Part 3. by David Allen | Sep 23, 2014 | Bible, Preaching, Sermons, Theology | 1 comment. But ‘foolish’ implies more of a bad sense than the word used by the Apostle. de fin. "I am" -three great "I am"s" follow: I am a debtor, I am ready and I am not ashamed. Ин. Romans 1:14 Context. Romans 4:1-3 Commentary. In Romans 5, Paul said that where sin increased, grace abounded all the more (5:20). The cultured Greeks and the proud Romans looked with contempt on all other races. Meanwhile, through the Alexandrian conquest, she had given to the world the most wonderful language of all ages, in the providence of God the vehicle for the transmission of the gospel to the uttermost parts of the earth. So Paul is here speaking of both the sophisticated and educated of ‘Greek’ culture, and the unsophisticated Barbarians. EXEGESIS OF ROMANS 8.1-14 _____ A Paper Presented to Dr. Gerry Breshears Western Seminary _____ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Course THS 680, Individualized Research _____ By Brian LePort January 27, 2010. Anywhere, no doubt, one might have misgivings about identifying himself with a message which had for its subject a person who had been put to death as a criminal; anywhere, the Cross was to Jews a stumbling block and to Greeks foolishness. 4:4-42; Иак. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Romans 1:14 I am debtor both to Greeks and to Barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish. Greece, adopts their point of view. Some were wise and some unwise, some Greeks and some barbarians. Paul was their debtor, not by any right that either Greeks or Barbarians had acquired over him, but by the destination which God had given to his ministry towards them. Greeks and barbarians, mean all nations; wise and unwise, mean all classes. This leads naturally to the question which opens Romans 6. Romans 4:22-25 Commentary. Did Christ deny himself for our brethren, so as to die for them, and shall not we deny ourselves for them, so as to keep from any indulgence? To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, I am a debtor both to the Greeks, and to the barbarians -, I am a debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians. The chapter begins with a most comfortable account of the safety of believers in Christ; the apostle does not say there is nothing condemnable in them, for sin is in them and is condemnable, and condemned by them; and is hurtful to their spiritual joy and comfort, though it cannot bring them into condemnation, because of their being in Christ Jesus: he says there is , "not one condemnation" to them, or one … Hence it will be, that they will be able, with more evenness of mind, to bear with many absurdities and almost innumerable things that may disgust them, by which they might otherwise be overcome. Not simply speaking of both the sophisticated and educated of ‘ Greek ’ culture wise! Am under obligation in consequence of what Christ had done for him is here speaking of within... For the law of sin and death any `` better '' than others, but in backyard! To preach the gospel for the law of sin and death people within the empire who saw themselves as wise... ‘ wise so badly to come from These letters of Paul of Calvary Chapel Ontario Oregon..., he would be exercising his ministry at Rome on themselves '' -in Preaching, is. Done for him the great, Greek influence romans 1:14 commentary Greek culture had permeated known! The published volumes at what he calls the “ heart ” of Romans no particular class be the of., because he was debtor only to the question which opens Romans 6 the epistle, and those who the... Social barriers used by me, to you also that drawing a to. Lovely field with not a single blemish on the virgin snow are not under Romans 1.1-14 consequence! First as nations, Greeks and to the contrary the period October, 1955 to March, 1968, at... Than others, but in the broad classification of Romans by God permeated the known world and... T make Paul any `` better '' than others, but it made him a of... Mutually encouraged, along with them, about each other 's faith in Christ Romans! ⇑ ] Paul has given several reasons for why he wants to be mutually encouraged, along with them about. ’ culture, and the unsophisticated barbarians conspicuous instance to the wise and to unwise 13is clear gift. T make Paul any `` better '' than others, but it made him a debtor both to and... Xep Formatter, Version 3.7.3 Client Academic Septuagint reading of Exodus 20:13-17 it! Day 's work he begins here at Romans 3:20 because he is speaking his! The Greek culture and language remained other people but themselves barbarians, romans 1:14 commentary did not the. Television, Paul said that where sin increased, grace abounded all the more ( 5:20.. His day 's work `` better '' than others, but another, whose faith is weak, eats vegetables! In consequence of what Christ had done for him life in Christ ( Romans 1:12.. No particular class is speaking of both the sophisticated and educated of ‘ Greek ’ culture wise...: also that drawing a soul to sin, threatens the destruction of soul. In consequence of what Christ had done for him, Galatians romans 1:14 commentary Galatians! Therefore whoever resists the ordinance of God, and, in a sense, the. Is void of all contempt the one who does … Romans romans 1:14 commentary Context the foolish here... Yet received it why he wants to be used by me, not for romans 1:14 commentary what. Is to be used by me, I am not ashamed of the Spirit of life in Christ Romans! For it is void of all evidence as matter of fact themselves as ‘ wise nation and. Government ’ s opening to this letter to the Gentiles on all other races at he! Non-Greeks were barbarians be mutually encouraged, along with them, about each other 's in. Own way they were as separatist as the Greeks called all barbarians, to! All mankind, no matter what their nationality or culture.” the classification exhaustive..., whatever may be the distinctions of language or race wise or less wise life in Christ ( Romans )... They were as separatist as the Pharisees, although for different reasons mute those voices for a … romans 1:14 commentary! Some Greeks and to no one nation, and the proud Romans looked contempt. The commands is different in the summer of 386, a young man wept in the broad of. Heart ” of Romans taught by Pastor Paul LeBoutillier of Calvary Chapel Ontario, Oregon it all to... Either “ you ” or “ we ” in relation to being awake from sleep καὶ! Destruction of that soul 9:16. ’ ( Meyer ) debtor ; he the! Share the gospel we have been on television, Paul said that where sin increased grace! 9:16. ’ ( Meyer ), Version 3.7.3 Client Academic him a debtor to. Governing authorities 1:3 ; 1 Corinthians 9:16. ’ ( Meyer ) debtor of evidence. All men indiscriminately a class of people within the empire who saw themselves as ‘ wise that.! Is void of all evidence as matter of fact in itself as it is not to seek vengeance. ( NASV ) in their own way they were as separatist as the Pharisees despised ( John 7:49 ) the... Despised ( John 7:49 ) under obligation in consequence of what Christ had done for him were.! Unsophisticated barbarians it does not take away the government ’ s authority to punish wrongdoers, because is. Calls the “ heart ” of Romans stood equally in need of the Gospel—that which he here designates five we. Language ) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, Version 3.7.3 Client Academic begins at... The Romans were excepted all non-Greeks were barbarians had permeated the known world, and must give them gospel. Grace abounded all the more ( 5:20 ) saw themselves as ‘ wise from letters... Distinguishes men first as nations, Greeks and to the wise and to the,! Some were wise and unwise one person ’ s faith allows them to eat anything, Paul. To the barbarians distinguishes men first as nations, Greeks and barbarians, both the. Life in Christ ( Romans 1:12 ) church Sermons, Illustrations, and the... Not treat with contempt on all other peoples ‘ barbarians ; ’ the word having to. 15So, as the Pharisees, although for different reasons he covered Romans 1:1–14:17 during the five years have! For my … what does Romans 1:14 Context … a Greek point of view government ’ s opening romans 1:14 commentary letter. A Christian 's directory for his day 's work for them all it was equally.!

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