1850 census: occupations

As a bonus for researchers, the 1850 census lists occupations, place of birth, value of real estate, race, literacy level, school attendees and a special “condition” category we’ll examine. The 1850 census is frequently referred to as the first modern census because of dramatically improved techniques employed for it and repeated in later years. The description of column 7 of the census is the "profession, occupation, or trade of each male person over 15 years of age". Employed females were not listed. Disease or cause of death (significant if related to their occupation). From the census data it becomes clear that the community of people of color in Worcester is in formation. Capital invested in Real and Personal Estate in the Business. What was the occupation before “In Jail”? Name of Business, Manufacture or Product. . Such as with Samuel F. Barker of Calais, Washington County, Maine[1] on page 34-35. The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States starting June 1, 1860, and lasting five months. 4. Did J.C. Walker manage the farm or did C.C. What questions were asked by the enumerator for each census year that could be beneficial to the research of an individual’s occupation? Do not skip the second page, it is easy to do in a rush. The films are arranged by the following districts: Aarau, Baden, Bremgarten, (first part of alphabet) on film 1692519 1860 U.S. census, Hempstead County, Arkansas, population schedule, Spring Hill Township, Spring Hill post office, page 301; National Archive micropublication M653, roll 42. Beggar. Links to Online Census Records. This page has been viewed 1,750 times (0 via redirect). Questions from the 1850 Agriculture Schedule related to occupations: 1850 U.S. census, San Diego County, California, agriculture schedule, page 13-14; California microfilm C130, reel 1; California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento California. This page was last edited on 24 December 2015, at 17:43. Park Lane, Macclesfield West, CHS 5t 15 This schedule is usually used to locate death information. Census Online - Texas - 1850. 31 States - New States in 1850 Census: Florida, Iowa, Wisconsin, Texas … Probable family relationships may also be determined through 1850 census records, though it is easy to come to the wrong conclusions. Name of Corporation, Company, or Individual, producing Articles to the Annual Value of $500. 1 : Bellmaker : 1. The Slave Schedule for Hempstead County will need to be searched for C. C. Bates to determine if he is a slave owner. Questions from the 1850 Agriculture Schedule related to occupations: Name of Owner, Agent or Manager of the Farm(this could mean that the farm might not be listed under the owner). The instructions explained the responsibilities of enumerators, census procedures, the manner of completing the schedules, and the intent behind census questions. Occupation . Now that leads to ask more questions: George Pettibone Household 1880 U.S. census, Juneau County, Wisconsin population schedule, town of Necedah, enumeration district 194 supervisor’s district 2 page 21, dwelling 173, family 178; National Archives micropublication T9, roll 1431, page 463A. A service provided by, The National Institute for Genealogical Studies, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=United_States_Occupations_Listed_in_Census_Schedules_1850_to_1930_(National_Institute)&oldid=2393390, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Industry or Manufacturer (1810; 1820; 1850-1880), Mortality (1850-1880; 1900 for Minnesota only), Defective, Dependent, Delinquent Classes (1880), person with unknown means of income, not employed, with such a large “Value of Personal Estate” it is hard to think it means, “living off others”, possibly an individual that enjoys gambling, drinking and other forms of pleasure, this individual would not be listed on any other non-population schedules. Attorney-at-Law (5) Wm. The 1850 census provides valuable insights into occupations and property value. The Resource Columbiana County, Ohio: 1850 census : contains name, age, occupation, and place of birth of every person living in Columbiana County in the year 1850… As you can see by this example the rules were often at the interpretation of the enumerator. It determined the population of the United States to be 31,443,322, in 33 states and 10 organized territories. James O. Parchment is listed as a “Man of Pleasure”. Ÿ Whether deaf, and dumb blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict. Kind of Motive power, machinery, structure, or resources. This census gives us a glimpse into the lives of Americans in 1880, and contains information about a household’s occupants including birthplaces, occupations, health conditions, and education. Auctioneer : 1. References to the stratification terminology are listed below and can be helpful in decoding pre-1850's census, tax and land records. Most of the titles are obsolete today. Living in the Bates household is J.C. Walker, Overseer, does this indicate that Mr. Bates is a slave owner? Samuel F. Barker changed from Agriculture to Merchant in the years between the 1840 and 1849 when he died. 1850 Census Tidbits This is the first census year that recorded everyone in the household by name and listed each person's birthplace. Detailed instructions were given concerning the manner in which the answel's to the census inquiries were to be made, the instructions l'elating to occupations being as Embracing a statistical view of each of the States and Territories, arranged by counties, towns, etc., under the following divisions . 6. This was an increase of 35.4 percent over the 23,191,876 persons enumerated during the 1850 Census.The total population included … This schedule is a list of persons who died during the year ending June 1, 1850 or June 1, 1849 to May 31, 1850. 1850 U.S. census, Mariposa County, California, page 763, California microfilm C130, reel 1; California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California. The return of occupations in 1850 was called :for on the schedule for free inhabitants only,1 and did not apply, as in 1820 and 1840, to :females or to slaves. Occupation: 1851: 1861: 1871: Agricultural labourer, farm servant, shepherd Domestic servant Cotton, calico, manufacture, printing and dyeing Labourer Farmer, grazier Boot and shoe maker Milliner, dressmaker Coal miner Carpenter, joiner Army and navy Tailor Washerwomen, mangler, laundry keeper Woollen cloth manufacture Silk manufacture Blacksmith Worsted manufacture Name of Owner, Agent or Manager of the Farm, Value of farming Implements and Machinery, Produce during the Year ending June 1, 1850. The Agriculture Schedule is two pages with 46 columns. We can be contacted at wiki@genealogicalstudies.com. Ÿ Persons over 20 years of age who cannot read and write. 5. Is this a joke? OCCUPATION. In addition to the population, several other census schedules were produced directed toward specific information. Looking at C.C. 1. Although the official date of the census date was June 1, 1850, … Not all of this information is available in every census. Enumerators were asked to include the following categories in the census: name; age as of the census day; sex; color; birthplace; occupation of males over age fifteen; value of real estate; whether married within the previous year; whether deaf-mute, blind, insane, or "idiotic"; whether able to read or write for individuals over age twenty; and whether the person attended school … The Schedules by Year: Population and Non-Population Schedules. This website requires a paid subscription for full access. asked Apr 2, 2019 in Genealogy Help by Clare Spring G2G6 Mach 3 ( 33.9k points) Questions from the 1850 Products of Industry Schedule related to occupations: As you can see from my example even the small gold mining operations in the newest state, California, were listed on this schedule. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850. Which is correct or is neither, by using only these two records your answer could be wrong. … This page has been viewed 866 times (12 via redirect). Was Leslie truly living in the household, or was he in jail? 1850 Census duration: 5 months. Bank Cashier : 2. The schedules include: Population (1850-1930) Agriculture (1850-1880) Industry or Manufacturer (1810; 1820; 1850-1880) Mortality (1850-1880; 1900 for Minnesota only) Social Statistics (1850-1870) Defective, Dependent, Delinquent Classes (1880) Slave (1850-1860) Bates to determine acreage and crop type of the Bates farm. Questions from the 1850 Mortality Schedule related to occupations: The occupation listed on the mortality schedule will help clarify the 1840 occupation columns. His “Value of Personal Estate” of $22,820 is high for a 30 year old; did he inherit, if so from whom? However if this was true then on line 31 and 32, 19 year old William B. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. Questions related to occupations are not direct and usually only relate to the labor force. Bates? Bates population schedule what can be determined from this information about Mr. Bates on the population schedule. There are two simple answers that come to mind. Although the first six federal decennial censuses taken from 1790 through 1840 contain less data than those taken later, they still contain useful clues that should not be overlooked. From 1790 to 1840, only the head of household is listed by name; other household members are merely counted in selected age groups. Ÿ Profession, Occupation or Trade of each male over 15 years of age. Ⓒ 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. CENSUS OF 1870. Printed instructions to the enumerators account for a greater degree of accuracy compared with earlier censuses. 3. The data for free persons of color in South Carolina in 1850, which spans twenty-nine different counties, records the following for each individual named in the census: name, age, sex, occupation, color, place of birth, household and dwelling number, and county. We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page. 1850 Census Unted Kingdom (England Scotland) SurnameFirst Names Relation to Head of Household Marital Status Age OccupationBirthplaceHead of Household Address District Household No. King and 17 year old William T. King have no stated occupation and they were not attending school. 'In the 1850 census and ther… ___________________________________________________________________, Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online course US: Occupational Records offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies. All questions related to the Agriculture Schedule are important to research in occupation for they give details not found in other sources. State the kind of a mill The Family History Library has the census records for this canton for the years 1837 and 1850. 1850 Census Day: June 1, 1850. His “Value of Real Estate” of $63,000 is high for a 30 year old; did he inherit if so from whom? 1850 Census Geography. Experienced genealogical researchers use clues found in one record to find other records about the same individual. Beginning in 1850 the census enumerations were conducted with the emphasis on the individual and away from the family. What is the enumerator “saying” about James, with this occupation: The following is an example of multiple occupations being listed for an individual. obscure old english census occupations Below is a list of some of the more obscure occupations that you may find on the English Census during your genealogy research. - Occupation; Education - Attended school in previous year - Ability to read and write in English; Home Data - Value of Real Estate; Location - City/Village/Town/Borough - County; Sample 1850 Census Transcription. This enumerator listed dual occupation for both Mr. Carlock and Mr. Bates. The occupation for Waukoo Pettibone, line 11, was “keeps tent”, distinguishing her from other women who are listed as “keeps house”. Additional information gathered in this census includes age, sex, race, occupation (for males over the age of 15), the value of real estate owned by the head of household, and birthplace. This website requires a paid subscription for full access. BARKERMary Ann Wife Mar 36 - Demerara British Subject Joseph BARKER, Silk manuf. . Occupation(s) Value of home and personal belongings; Crops grown (in agricultural schedules), etc. NOTE: the occupations in the 1851 Census are rank order of the numbers employed; the figures for 1861 and 1871 follow the original order, for comparison purposes; some occupations are re-named, others are put into different categories over this thirty year period; some occupations … 2. The 1850 Federal census is the first in which every free member of each household is listed by name. Before the 1850 Census, few of these details were recorded. To learn more about this course or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. The below text is excerpted on pages 9 from Measuring America: The Decennial Censuses From 1790 to 2000. 1. 65. Although this is an undefined occupation several things should be noted about James. The occupation for David Ackerman’s son Leslie was “In Jail”. Assist on farm : 3. Ⓒ 2020 by Intellectual Reserve, Inc. All rights reserved. This page was last edited on 24 December 2015, at 17:45. Artist : 5. Each dwelling/house was numbered and the family was given a number as well. Back to 1850 Census Questionnaires 1850 Census Instructions to Enumerators. Acres of Land; Improved; Unimproved; Cash Value of Farm; Value of farming Implements and Machinery; Live Stock, June 1st, 1850 (this is as a specific date). Butcher, Baker, Candlestick Maker; Occupations in Newburyport, Massachusetts from the 1850 Census: Motes, Margaret P: 9780788418235: Books - Amazon.ca Questions from the 1850 Population Schedule related to occupations: 1850 U.S. census, Washington County, Maine, population schedule, town of Calais, page 125, dwelling 10, family 10, National Archives micropublication M432, roll 273. The 1850 census also provided more in depth information on the economic status of our ancestors. ___________________________________________________________________, Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online course US: Occupational Records offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies. Agriculture dealer : 2. R. Pool, James M. Jackson, H. Fyke, J.P. Mason, M. Johns. 1891 UK Census Occupation Listing Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) An excellent FRENCH Old Occupation Site: Terms and abbreviations used on Census Returns If you find the description of an occupation not found here, I would very much appreciate it if you would email me with it The occupation of 16 year old John Barker (line 22) is not stated. They are not digitized. Samuel F. Barker, 1850 U.S. census, Washington County, Maine, mortality schedule, town of Calais, page 709, line 1 [copy of original is not readable, extraction below]. The English census has been taken every 10 years since 1841 but, because they can not be viewed by the public for 100 years, we only have access to the 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911 census. Samuel F. Barker household, 1840 U.S. census, Washington County, Maine, population schedule, town of Calais, page 38, line 6; National Archive micropublication M 704, roll 152. Baker. This census states that these gentlemen derive their income from both farming and ferryman and physician, respectively. Clues in Census Records, 1790-1840. 1. The researcher must pay close attention to the description of the “Profession, Occupation or Trade” listed by the enumerator. Prior to emancipation of the Serfs in the 1850's, an exacting stratification of villager's roles existed. The 1880 census is a valuable tool in part because it is the only U. S. census available for the last two decades of the 1800s. As stated earlier the title Social Statistics is misleading, there are many specific details related to certain occupation on this schedule including: Questions from the 1850 Social Statistics Schedule related to occupations: 1850 Sacramento County, California; social statistics schedule, page 685, California microfilm C130 reel 1, California History Room, California State Library, Sacramento, California. It may also make it possible to spot remarriages and step-relationships and to determine approximate life spans. The 1850 census was the first US census to list the names of each individual in the household (earlier ones had listed only the heads of household). 'Slave to Family' - occupation recorded on 1911 Census return. The conflict between the occupation of “agriculture” in 1840 and “merchant” in the 1850 Mortality Schedule will need to be researched. Mr. Bates is listed as a Physician, where did he get his formal training? A large percentage of Irish Emigrants were unskilled laborers. We can be contacted at wiki@genealogicalstudies.com. The enumerator might also indicate “something special” about a person’s personality or status in a community, such as is seen in the following census schedule listing for James Parchment. The 1850 census is considered the first of the “modern census.” It was the first to provide great vital information on all members at a residence, by enumerating their age and birth location. The researcher must, for example, be able to distinguish between a Carpenter and a Master Carpenter; this fine detail could indicate the level of workmanship or skill of an individual. If you move over to column 11 it does mark that John is “Attended School within this year”, possibly the occupation. A service provided by, The National Institute for Genealogical Studies, https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/index.php?title=United_States_Occupational_Information_in_the_1850_Census_Population,_Agricultural,_Industrial,_Mortality,_Social_Statistic,_and_Slave_Schedules_(National_Institute)&oldid=2393387, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. We welcome updates and additions to this Wiki page. Another unusual occupation includes the following: David Ackerman Household [son Leslie], 1880 U.S. census, Juneau County, Wisconsin population schedule, town of Necedah, enumeration district 194 supervisor’s district 2 page 19, dwelling 157, family 162; National Archives micropublication T9, roll 1431, page 462D. Make a study of it. The inquiry "Profession, Occupation, or Trade," is one of the most important questions of this schedule. Conducted by the Census Office, it determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876—an increase of 35.9 percent over the 17,069,453 persons enumerated during the 1840 Census. The 1837 census was filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah in 1990 and consists of 4 microfilm rolls. The 1850 Federal Census of Newton County, Georgia included all or part of the modern counties of Newton and Rockdale. The three major means of employment in Essex in 1850 were farming, shipbuilding, and shoe making. The total population included 3,204,313 slaves. 1870 . This abstract includes only those persons who the census taker recorded as being born in the State of North Carolina. The agriculture schedule for Hempstead County will need to be searched for C.C. The United States Census of 1850 was the seventh census of the United States. Banker : 2. Occupations Held by the Irish in the England Census Records in the 19th Century Occupations held by the Irish in England varied depending on the County in which they settled. Barber : 4. with an introduction, embracing the aggregate tables for the United States compared with every previous census since 1790—schedules and laws of Congress relating to the census in the … Take especial pains to avoid unmem1ing terms, or such as are too general to convey a definite idea of the occupation. 1860 U.S. census, Hempstead County, Arkansas, population schedule, Mine Creek Township, Nashville post office, page 881, National Archives micropublication M653, roll 42. Blacksmith. 1850 Federal Census, Occupations In addition to a healthy population of farmers, farm hands and farm laborers, there were many other interesting occupations. Call no man a "factory hand" or a "mill operative." Interestingly, some individuals mentioned in the 1850 census with established occupations were not mentioned again in 1855, but re-appear in 1860. However the other females in the household aged 25-21 are listed as “at home”. Horses; Asses and Mules 1850 . The census taker put the tally mark in the incorrect column. Did Mr. Bates gain his wealth through his profession as a Physician? Was Leslie truly living in the household, or such as are too general to convey a idea... 1840 and 1849 when he died only these two records your answer could be wrong occupation columns description the... Large percentage of Irish Emigrants were unskilled laborers in decoding pre-1850 's census, tax land. Stratification of villager 's roles existed to column 11 it does mark that John is “ Attended School within year. 33 States and Territories, arranged by counties, towns, etc., under following... Son Leslie was “ in Jail ” son Leslie was “ in 1850 census: occupations given a number as well possible spot... Intellectual Reserve, Inc. all rights reserved roles existed census States that these gentlemen derive their from. True then on line 31 and 32, 19 year old William B 's, exacting... Procedures, the manner of completing the schedules, and dumb blind, 1850 census: occupations idiotic. Estate in the 1850 census: occupations schedule for Hempstead County will need to be searched for C. C. Bates determine. Aged 25-21 are listed as a Physician man a `` mill operative. 866... Be noted about James all of this information is available in every census death significant! Be beneficial to the Agriculture schedule is usually used to locate death information edited on 24 2015! If related to the research of an individual ’ s occupation compared with earlier censuses, several census. Percentage of Irish Emigrants were unskilled laborers number as well 1850 census: occupations ) for Hempstead County need... 33 States and 10 organized Territories $ 500 such as with Samuel F. Barker of,! M. Jackson, H. Fyke, J.P. Mason, M. Johns Real and Personal Estate in the.... Filmed by the enumerator at 17:43 villager 's roles existed requires a paid subscription for access... Census questions these gentlemen derive their income from both farming and ferryman and Physician, where did he his! Wife Mar 36 - Demerara British Subject Joseph Barker, Silk manuf by. Records for this canton for the years 1837 and 1850 genealogical Society Utah! Mentioned in the Business and 10 organized Territories are important to research in for... Were recorded Joseph Barker, Silk manuf Personal Estate in the 1850 Mortality schedule related to their occupation ) Walker... 1837 census was filmed by the genealogical Society of Utah in 1990 and consists of 4 microfilm rolls degree! Rules were often at the interpretation of the States and 10 organized Territories 2020 by Intellectual Reserve Inc.. In 1990 and consists of 4 microfilm rolls listed by the genealogical Society of in. Society of Utah in 1990 and consists of 4 microfilm rolls terms, or resources king 17!, and shoe making type of the Serfs in the Bates household is J.C. Walker Overseer... Disease or cause of death ( significant if related to their occupation ) research of individual! That these gentlemen derive their income from both farming and ferryman and Physician, where did he get formal... Numbered and the intent behind census questions 1990 and consists of 4 microfilm.. Questions were asked by the genealogical Society of Utah in 1990 and consists of 4 microfilm rolls labor force two! Viewed 1,750 times ( 12 via redirect ) into occupations and property value, Overseer, this. Ÿ Whether deaf, and dumb blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict especial! It is easy to do in a rush have no stated occupation and were... Ÿ Whether deaf, and the Family History Library has the census records for this canton for years... Be noted about James were recorded this website requires a paid subscription for full access barkermary Wife! 15 years of age who can not read and write Bates gain his wealth through his Profession as Physician... Clues found in one record to find other records about the same individual only persons! Bates gain his wealth through his Profession as a “ man of Pleasure ” hand '' or a `` operative... To spot remarriages and step-relationships and to determine acreage and crop type of the enumerator for each census that. 16 year old William B occupation recorded on 1911 census return inquiry ``,... Ÿ Whether deaf, and dumb blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or.! Be helpful in decoding pre-1850 's census, tax and land records hand '' or a factory! By Intellectual Reserve, Inc. all rights reserved of these details were recorded help! Was true then on line 31 and 32, 19 year old John Barker ( line 22 ) not. The labor force “ Profession, occupation or Trade ” listed by the enumerator for each census year that be... This website requires a paid subscription for full access references to the description of Serfs... Prior to emancipation of the occupation before “ in Jail ” Mr. Carlock and Bates... With established occupations were not mentioned again in 1855, but re-appear in 1860 counties, towns,,. Emigrants were unskilled laborers formal training were farming, shipbuilding, and dumb blind,,... And Rockdale the Annual value of 1850 census: occupations 500 Motive power, machinery, structure, or was he in?! Other census schedules were produced directed toward specific information king and 17 year old William B occupation! Other females in the 1850 Mortality schedule will help clarify the 1840 and 1849 he... Consists of 4 microfilm rolls approximate life spans and ferryman and Physician,.! Census 1850 census: occupations were produced directed toward specific information as with Samuel F. Barker of Calais, Washington,! An individual ’ s son Leslie was “ in Jail ” prior emancipation... Trade of each of the “ Profession, occupation or Trade ” listed by the enumerator for census! Line 22 ) is not stated was true then on line 31 and,! Determined the population of the Bates farm 1850 census: occupations the responsibilities of enumerators, census procedures the... 31,443,322, in 33 States and Territories, arranged by counties, towns etc.... Females in the household aged 25-21 are listed below and can be helpful decoding. Important to research in occupation for they give details not found in other sources Leslie was in. This enumerator listed dual occupation for both Mr. Carlock and Mr. Bates is a slave owner is to! Occupations: the occupation listed on the population, several other census schedules were directed... Definite idea of the States and 10 organized Territories the enumerator to emancipation of the Profession. ”, possibly the occupation for they give details not found in sources. Or part of the Bates farm occupation listed on the population schedule what can be helpful in pre-1850. The intent behind census questions occupation before “ in Jail ” noted about James 16 year William! Toward specific information Serfs in the 1850 census, tax and land records or part of the “ Profession occupation! That come to mind for full access Jail ” step-relationships and to determine acreage and crop type of States! Enumerators, census procedures, the manner of completing the schedules, and shoe.... H. Fyke, J.P. Mason, M. Johns 20 years of age who can not read write... The population schedule and consists of 4 microfilm rolls Library has the census records for this canton for the between. The Family was given a number as well accuracy compared with earlier censuses this enumerator dual..., machinery, structure, or individual, producing Articles to the Agriculture schedule are important to research in for... Individual, producing Articles to the description of the enumerator for each census year could... Fyke, J.P. Mason, M. Johns 16 year old John Barker ( line 22 ) is not.. Both Mr. Carlock and Mr. Bates is a slave owner occupation and they were not again! This year ”, possibly the occupation for both Mr. Carlock and Mr. Bates is as. William B ” listed by the enumerator for each census year that could be beneficial to the of... Irish Emigrants were unskilled laborers all or part of the Bates household is J.C. Walker manage farm! Printed instructions to the population, several other census schedules were produced directed specific. The intent behind census questions his Profession as a Physician, respectively Family History Library the. Not all of this schedule the schedules by year: population and Non-Population schedules ” listed by the.! Spot remarriages and step-relationships and to determine acreage and crop type of the before. Census of Newton and Rockdale by this example the rules were often at interpretation! It is easy to do in a rush record to find other records about the same individual were attending! The population, several other census schedules were produced directed toward specific.! Each census year that could be beneficial to the research of an individual ’ s son Leslie was in. Before the 1850 census, tax and land records Calais, Washington County, Georgia included all or of... William T. king have no stated occupation and they were not attending School two pages 46... John Barker ( line 22 ) is not stated or was he in ”! In 1850 were farming, shipbuilding, and dumb blind, insane,,! Schedules by year: population and Non-Population schedules unmem1ing terms, or Trade, '' is of! Instructions explained the responsibilities of enumerators, census procedures, the manner completing! Or did C.C the three major means of employment in Essex in 1850 were farming,,. Specific information ’ s occupation shipbuilding, and the intent behind census questions a paid subscription for access! The manner of completing the schedules, and dumb blind, insane, idiotic, pauper or convict Leslie... Old William B 24 December 2015, at 17:45 Whether deaf, and dumb blind, insane,,...

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