hebrews 4 explanation

Principles of Bible interpretation stress that the Old Testament covenant promises, without their geographic and ethnic limitations, are to be fulfilled in principle to spiritual "Israel" in the new earth. The Sabbath as a symbol of the reality of spiritual rest has implications for the future, as well as for past and present salvation. . opened--literally, "thrown on the back so as to have the neck laid bare," as a victim with neck exposed for sacrifice. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Hebrews 4:16 Because God is faithful, the strength to be faithful is promised to us. How to enter God’s rest. But in Heb. Pleading our High Priest Jesus' meritorious death, we shall always find God on a throne of grace. But how can one keep it?—By Faith." Salem Media Group. Others emphasize the textual context of today and feel the present tense of the verb remain adds weight to the present availability of the rest. . 3 Albert E. Liersch, "Exegesis of Hebrews 3 and 4 With Particular Reference to the Theological Interpretation of the 'Rest' That Remains and the Sabbath as Symbol," unpublished term paper, Andrews University Seventh-day Adventist Theological Seminary, 1968. Isn't tracing "I love you" in wet sand with the big toe of the right foot enough of a ceremony, if a couple is really in love? This epistle’s title bears the traditional Greek title, “To the Hebrews,” which was attested by at least in the second century A.D. Discoveries in one of the world's oldest cities continue to add to the Biblical record. . Therefore, the Sabbath is not the "rest" that remains, of Heb. The thread which unifies chapter 1 is that the Son is superior to the angels. Hebrews 4:1-13 New International Version (NIV) A Sabbath-Rest for the People of God 4 Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. Calvinistic Explanation of Hebrews 6:4-6. by Ean Theron. . 8. Hearing alone is of as little value as undigested food in a bad stomach [THOLUCK]. The word faith (pistis) appears repeatedly in these verses and is clearly the criterion for entering God's rest. The argument is: He who once enters rest, rests from labors; but God's people have not yet rested from them, therefore they have not yet entered the rest, and so it must be still future. of Paul's early training, both in the Greek schools of Tarsus and the Hebrew schools at Jerusalem, accounts fully for his acquaintance with Philo's modes of thought, which were sure to be current among learned Jews everywhere, though Philo himself belonged to Alexandria, not Jerusalem. 4:9, 11, Ellen White says: "The rest here spoken of is the rest of grace, obtained by following the prescription, Labor diligently. Hebrews 4 – Entering Into His Rest A. and of the joints and marrow--rather, "(reaching even TO) both the joints (so as to divide them) and marrow." Hebrews 4:4, κατέπαυσεν ὁ θεός, “God rested;” here, “caused them to rest,” “given them rest.” Beza, “in requiem collocasset;” Arias, “requiem praestitisset.” The word properly, and usually in other authors, signifies “finem imponere,” “cessare facere;” “to put an end,” or … This rest for God's people is what was promised throughout the entire Old Testament. In Hebrews 1:1-14 we have seen that the Son, i.e. In sympathy He adapts himself to each, as if He had not merely taken on Him man's nature in general, but also the peculiar nature of that single individual. Hebrews 4:3, R.S.V., says, "For we who have believed enter that rest." His rest is not in his own accomplishments, but in God's. 4:9, but is the God-given symbol and sample of that very rest of grace into which believers can enter in a special sense on the seventh day of every week. At one time I was convinced that the verses of Hebrews 4:8-10 were clear "proof texts" that the seventh-day Sabbath rest still remained unchanged by Jesus to another day. 5. in this place--In this passage of the Psalm again, it is implied that the rest was even then still future. As the knife of the Levitical priest reached to dividing parts, closely united as the joints of the limbs, and penetrated to the innermost parts, as the marrows (the Greek is plural); so the word of God divides the closely joined parts of man's immaterial being, soul and spirit, and penetrates to the innermost parts of the spirit. that there is still in existence a promise of entering into the rest of God, a promise of which the fulfilment is yet outstanding, and this presupposition is then repeated, Hebrews 4:2, in other expressions of a more general bearing, no doubt, but essentially … Others have concluded that the passage addresses neither observance nor nonobservance of the Sabbath. The sense is, "lest any fall into such disobedience (so the Greek for 'unbelief' means) as they gave a sample of" [GROTIUS]. Hebrews 4:12 is often cited in our publications to show that the Bible has power to change lives, and it is perfectly proper to make that application. do enter--that is, are to enter: so two of the oldest manuscripts and LUCIFER and the old Latin. Not what some Adventists have concluded, says the author. Moses, the representative of the law, could not lead Israel into Canaan: the law leads us to Christ, and there its office ceases, as that of Moses on the borders of Canaan: it is Jesus, the antitype of Joshua, who leads us into the heavenly rest. His work for us as high priest in heaven is foundational to the entire message of Hebrews, and especially the urgent yet beautiful appeal of verses 9 and 10. God's "work" was one, comprehending, however, many "works.". Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 12. Though "great" ( Hebrews 4:14 ), He is not above caring for us; nay, as being in all points one with us as to manhood, sin only excepted, He sympathizes with us in every temptation. 9:28). Revelation 19:15 similarly represents the Word's judicial power as a sharp sword going out of Christ's mouth to smite the nations. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Hebrews 4 is the fourth chapter of the Epistle to the Hebrews in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. 4:9. Hebrews 4, as Ezekiel 20, makes it evident that the Sabbath is the God-given sign of the rest of righteousness by faith. Bible students have long disagreed over the meaning of the phrase a rest remains (apoleipetai). word of God" ( Ephesians 6:17 ). his rest--God's heavenly rest, of which Canaan is the type. and I will give you rest (the rest received on first believing). Hebrews 4 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries Enter (1525) (eiserchomai from eis = into + erchomai = come) means come into. The only way to understand the true rest is to follow our author's illustration back to the first Sabbath when God looked at His work of Creation and said, "It is good." Its double power seems to be implied by its being "two-edged." . should seem to come short of it--Greek, "to have come short of it"; should be found, when the great trial of all shall take place [ALFORD], to have fallen short of attaining the promise. “Therefore, since the promise of entering his rest still stands, let us be careful that none of you be found to have fallen short of it. Hebrews 4:8, ESV: "For if Joshua had given them rest, God would not have spoken of another day later on." Before attempting to describe the "rest" of Hebrews 4:9, we must ask: (1) To whom is the rest avail able? 14. discerner of the thoughts--Greek, "capable of judging the purposes." 2. gospel preached . in time of need--Greek, "seasonably." He is capable of sympathizing, for He was at the same time tempted without sin, and yet truly tempted [BENGEL]. not being mixed with faith in them that heard--So the Syriac and the Old Latin Versions, older than any of our manuscripts, and LUCIFER, read, "As the world did not unite with the hearers in faith." There may be a better way to build an individual relationship between a pastor and his people, but the seemingly foreordained method is the pastoral call. Faith and unbelief, obedience and disobedience, form a continual contrast in the context of Hebrews 3 and 4. Science and Religion: Building with Unsound Timbers. However, we must not forget either the author's use of the Creation Sabbath to illustrate God's rest or the fact that the promised rest in the Old Testament did include, among other things, the gift of the land. Answer to the objection which might be made to his reasoning, namely, that those brought into Canaan by Joshua (so "Jesus" here means, as in Acts 7:45 ) did enter the rest of God. AS the Greek for "thoughts" refers to the mind and feelings, so that for "intents," or rather "mental conceptions," refers to the intellect. Hebrews 6:4-6 The last passage we will deal with is Hebrews 6:4-6. As the genitive follows, the literally, sense is, "Let us take hold of our profession," that is, of the faith and hope which are subjects of our profession and confession. PHILO similarly speaks of "God passing between the parts of Abraham's sacrifices ( Genesis 15:17 , where, however, it is a 'burning lamp' that passed between the pieces) with His word, which is the cutter of all things: which sword, being sharpened to the utmost keenness, never ceases to divide all sensible things, and even things not perceptible to sense or physically divisible, but perceptible and divisible by the word." The people in your parsonage are the most important people of all to you. the throne of grace--God's throne is become to us a throne of grace through the mediation of our High Priest at God's right hand ( Hebrews 8:1 , 12:2 ). . Hebrews 4:8, NASB: "For if Joshua had given them rest, He would not have spoken of another day after that." In the exhortations of chapters 3 and 4 our author is speaking to a group of Christians, the pilgrim people of God who, though once well-grounded in the faith, have become weary and in danger of giving up altogether. Hebrews 1:1-4 introduces a contrast that is the central theme throughout Hebrews: the climactic revelation of God in Christ, surpassing every way that God spoke and worked prior to Christ’s coming. The clause (reaching even to) "both the joints and marrow" is subordinate to the clause, "even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit." While Hebrews as a whole is written to demonstrate Christ’s … Here is a portion of my new book on Calvinism. Hebrews 4:3, R.S.V., says, "For we who have believed enter that rest." 4:8, K.J.V.)? God instituted the sacrificial system to require Israelites to acknowledge frequently their sins and need of forgiveness. The written Word of God is not the prominent thought here, though the passage is often quoted as if it were. finished--Greek, "brought into existence," "made. piercing--Greek, "coming through." Labor was followed by rest even in Paradise ( Genesis 2:3 Genesis 2:15 ). . Go To Hebrews Index . Still the word of God (the same as that preached, Hebrews 4:2 ), used here in the broadest sense, but with special reference to its judicial power, INCLUDES the Word of God, the sword of the Spirit with double edge, one edge for convicting and converting some ( Hebrews 4:2 ), and the other for condemning and destroying the unbelieving ( Hebrews 4:14 ). The Greek perfect tense implies that this is our continuous state in relation to God. Throughout Hebrews 3 and 4 the author refers to the rest of God (katapausis) as the goal to be entered. that rest--which is still future and so glorious. Or, in ALFORD'S translation of Hebrews 4:10 , "That rest into which Christ has entered before" ( Hebrews 4:14 , Hebrews 6:20 ). This passage speaks of a person who once identified as a follower of Christ and later made a decisive, final, and public choice to renounce Him. (1-2) The warning is repeated: don’t miss God’s rest. Watch for questions like, "How many baptisms?" This verse indirectly establishes the obligation of the Sabbath still; for the type continues until the antitype supersedes it: so legal sacrifices continued till the great antitypical Sacrifice superseded it, As then the antitypical heavenly Sabbath-rest will not be till Christ, our Gospel Joshua, comes, to usher us into it, the typical earthly Sabbath must continue till then. For--Such diligent striving ( Hebrews 4:11 ) is incumbent on us FOR we have to do with a God whose "word" whereby we shall be judged, is heart-searching, and whose eyes are all-seeing ( Hebrews 4:13 ). If you're a print subscriber, we'll complement your print copy of Ministry with an electronic version. mercy--"Compassion," by its derivation (literally, fellow feeling from community of suffering), corresponds to the character of our High Priest "touched with the feeling of our infirmities" ( Hebrews 4:15 ). According to Riehm, the (as yet unproved) presupposition is first provisionally expressed in the parenthesis, Hebrews 4:1, in a simply assertory manner, viz. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). Φοβηθῶμεν οὖν] Let us … although, &c.--Although God had finished His works of creation and entered on His rest from creation long before Moses' time, yet under that leader of Israel another rest was promised, which most fell short of through unbelief; and although the rest in Canaan was subsequently attained under Joshua, yet long after, in David's days, God, in the ninety-fifth Psalm, still speaks of the rest of God as not yet attained. Let us . Jesus--the antitypical Joshua ( Hebrews 4:8 ). Compare "Come unto Me . Meyer's NT Commentary. "There re mains a sabbath rest (sabbatismos) for the people of God." The writer now, in Hebrews 4:6-9, gathers up the argument, and reaches his conclusion that a Sabbatism remains for God’s people. 3:13, 14; 4:1). Today, I believe even more deeply that Hebrews 4 is a most significant passage undergirding the seventh-day Sabbath, but for different reasons. The argument, though generally applying to anyone who has entered his rest, probably alludes to Jesus in particular, the antitypical Joshua, who, having entered His rest at the Ascension, has ceased or rested from His work of the new creation, as God on the seventh day rested from the work of physical creation. thousands of them. 4:10, R.S.V.). The whole renovated creation shall share in it; nothing will there be to break the Sabbath of eternity; and the Triune God shall rejoice in the work of His hands ( Zephaniah 3:17 ). Our highest happiness shall, according to this verse, consist in our being united in one with God, and moulded into conformity with Him as our archetype [CALVIN]. 9. therefore--because God "speaks of another day" remaineth--still to be realized hereafter by the "some (who) must enter therein" ( Hebrews 4:6 ), that is, "the people of God," the true Israel who shall enter into God's rest ("My rest," Hebrews 4:3 ). help--Compare Hebrews 2:18 , "He is able to succor them that are tempted.". . The word heard being the food which, as the bread of life, must pass into flesh and blood through man's appropriating it to himself in faith. What then is the "rest" of God? 1 Heb. obtain--rather, "receive." . He is both the omnipotent God and our merciful Saviour. ALFORD'S interpretation is clumsy, by which he makes the soul itself, and the spirit itself, to be divided, instead of the soul from the spirit: so also he makes not only the joints to be divided asunder, but the marrow also to be divided (?). He brews 4:9, R.S.V., declares that the rest remains "for the people of God," and verse 10 adds "whoever enters," indicating the rest is avail able to anyone who accepts Christ and the rest He offers. What, however, Paul mainly here dwells on in the quotation is that the promised "rest" has not yet been entered into. A second interpretation denies any implications whatsoever concerning the seventh-day Sabbath and sees sabbatismos totally inter changeable with katapausis, both referring only to the deeper rest of righteousness by faith, which the Jews under Joshua failed to enter. The Word of God becomes an issue because it tests a person's life and sets the standards of acceptable behavior and attitudes. But there is a way they could be reached. even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit--that is, reaching through even to the separation of the animal soul, the lower part of man's incorporeal nature, the seat of animal desires, which he has in common with the brutes; compare the same Greek, 1 Corinthians 2:14 , "the natural [animal-souled] man" ( Jude 1:19 ), from the spirit (the higher part of man, receptive of the Spirit of God, and allying him to heavenly beings). . Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. in his sight--in God's sight ( Hebrews 4:12 ). Christ "knows what is in man" ( John 2:25 ): so His word reaches as far as to the most intimate and accurate knowledge of man's most hidden parts, feelings, and thoughts, dividing, that is, distinguishing what is spiritual from what is carnal and animal in him, the spirit from the soul: so Proverbs 20:27 . People ignorant of God's message for our day. 20:12). God did not cease all activity; therefore, the rest man enters is not one of idleness, but of proper activities. Contrast Job's complaint ( Job 23:3-8 ) and Elihu's "IF," &c. ( Job 33:23-28 ). Title: When the various New Testament books were formally brought together into one collection shortly after A.D. 100, the titles were added for convenience. Again--Anew the promise recurs. Let us, therefore, earnestly labor to enter the rest lest any fall through practical unbelief ( Hebrews 4:11 ). Seeing then--Having, therefore; resuming Hebrews 2:17 . The context shows that the apostle Paul was referring to the message, or expression of God’s purpose, such as we find in the Bible. (In the oldest manuscripts as in English Version, there is no "both," as there is in the clause "both the joints and . This new word has been interpreted in many different ways, of which we will deal with only two. God has not left us to struggle on alone. IMPOSSIBLE! Hebrews 4:1-11 has been used, on one hand, to support the observance of the Sabbath commandment by Christians; and on the other hand, as evidence for the rejection of a literal obedience to the commandment. It is evident the rest does not refer to an external observance of the seventh-day Sabbath or merely to entering the Promised Land. Hebrews 4. Neither Moses, nor even Joshua, could bring us into this rest, but Jesus, as our Forerunner, already spiritually, and hereafter in actual presence, body, soul, and spirit, brings His people into the heavenly rest. But the "rest" in this Hebrews 4:9 is the nobler and more exalted (Hebrew) "Sabbath" rest; literally, "cessation": rest from work when finished ( Hebrews 4:4 ), as God rested ( Revelation 16:17 ). A supply of grace is in store for believers against all exigencies; but they are only supplied with it according as the need arises. “For the word of God is alive and active. "To-day," rightly used, terminates in the rest which, when once obtained, is never lost ( Revelation 3:12 ). labour--Greek, "strive diligently." According to this view, if God didn't want the Sabbath kept after the cross, "would he not after ward have spoken of another day" (Heb. The opening affirmation in verse 1 that God spoke through the prophets is important. THEREFORE, there must be meant a rest still future, namely, that which "remaineth for the people of God" in heaven, Hebrews 4:3-9 , when they shall rest from their works, as God did from His, Hebrews 4:10 . Keith Simons. Not, as ALFORD explains, "help in time," that is, to-day, while it is yet open to us; the accepted time ( 2 Corinthians 6:2 ). Warnings to Those Called to Salvation. Forgiveness, access to His throne, and the promises of His Spirit and that no trial will be greater than we can bear—combined with His declaration that He works in us both to will and to do—assure us that faithfulness can be produced in us when we yield as faithful servants. They are none other than His human “fellows” above whom He had been anointed with the oil of gladness (1:9). Scripture by scripture explanation of the book of Hebrews. Hence Moses records the end of each of the first six days, but not of the seventh. It is a foretaste of the eternal rest and communion to come with Him who is the ground of our confidence and our Creator, Jesus Christ. 4. Here are some suggestions for keeping them that way. Though exalted to the highest heavens, He has changed His place, not His nature and office in relation to us, His condition, but not His affection. "Moses forms the soul, Christ the spirit. . . If the Greek "aneu" had been used, sin would have been regarded as the object absent from Christ the subject; but choris here implies that Christ, the subject, is regarded as separated from sin the object [TITTMANN]. Mercy especially refers to the remission and removal of sins; grace, to the saving bestowal of spiritual gifts [ESTIUS]. Therefore, since a promise remains of entering His rest, let us fear lest any of you seem to have come short of it. after the same example--ALFORD translates, "fall into the same example." God's rest is not a rest necessitated by fatigue, nor consisting in idleness, but is that upholding and governing of which creation was the beginning [ALFORD]. Evidently "the dividing of the soul from the spirit" answers to the "joints" which the sword, when it reaches unto, divides asunder, as the "spirit" answers to the innermost "marrow." being left us--still remaining to us after the others have, by neglect, lost it. 47 Hebrews 4:1–5:10 71 Hebrews 5:11–6:20 91 Hebrews 7 111 Hebrews 8 125 Hebrews 9 147 Hebrews 10 175 Hebrews 11 203 Hebrews 12 229 Hebrews 13 249 Bibliography 251 Index. The gift of the land and total restoration of this sin-ridden world to its original Edenic state is still to come. Though the Sabbath is mentioned only incidentally in a context that stresses the availability of salvation rest to man, the rest of God on the seventh day of Creation week reveals that the Sabbath is a symbol and a sample of the rest of grace. 4 For it is impossible that the blood of bulls and goats should take away sins. "God's wisdom, simply manifold, and uniformly multiform, with incomprehensible comprehension, comprehends all things incomprehensible." . "God's wisdom, simply manifold, and uniformly multiform, with incomprehensible comprehension, comprehends all things incomprehensible." Addressing Jews, he by the Spirit sanctions what was true in their current literature, as he similarly did in addressing Gentiles ( Acts 17:28 ). Man is to enter by faith and obedience into God's completed work for him. It isn’t the blood of bulls and goats that take away sins, but the grace of God. ALFORD translates, "He that entered into his (or else God's, but rather 'his'; Isaiah 11:10 , 'His rest': 'the joy of the Lord,' Matthew 25:21 Matthew 25:23 ) rest (namely, Jesus, our Forerunner, Hebrews 4:14 , 6:20 , 'The Son of God that is passed through the heavens': in contrast to Joshua the type, who did not bring God's people into the heavenly rest), he himself (emphatical) rested from his works ( Hebrews 4:4 ), as God (did) from His own" (so the Greek, "works"). great--as being "the Son of God, higher than the heavens" ( Hebrews 7:26 ): the archetype and antitype of the legal high priest. Hebrews 4:2, KJV: "For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it." HEBREWS 10:4. All rights reserved. from his own works--even from those that were good and suitable to the time of doing work. There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at … passed into the heavens--rather, "passed through the heavens," namely, those which come between us and God, the aerial heaven, and that above the latter containing the heavenly bodies, the sun, moon, &c. These heavens were the veil which our High Priest passed through into the heaven of heavens, the immediate presence of God, just as the Levitical high priest passed through the veil into the Holy of Holies. Two other oldest manuscripts read, "Let us enter." The Sabbath is a bit of Eden that remains to us until Eden is restored again; he who keeps the Sabbath as God keeps it, as God gave it to be kept, has the rest that the Lord Jesus Christ has in heaven. The word "seem" is a mitigating mode of expression, though not lessening the reality. Verses 4-5: By way of explanation for the statement in verse 3, the writer cites the illustration of the seventh day of creation and quotes (Gen. 2:2). Neither does this interpretation take notice of the symbolism of Genesis 2. 4:9, R.S.V., he uses a different word for rest. . If the rest of God meant Canaan, God would not after their entrance into that land, have spoken (or speak [ALFORD]) of another (future) day of entering the rest. He is omniscient, but He is also filled with compassion and great goodness. Patterns of SDA Church Growth in North America. The "rest" in Hebrews 4:8 is Greek, "catapausis;" Hebrew, "Noah"; rest from weariness, as the ark rested on Ararat after its tossings to and fro; and as Israel, under Joshua, enjoyed at last rest from war in Canaan. The Book of Hebrews begins with the declaration that while God has spoken in various ways through the Old Testament prophets, He has now spoken fully and finally in His Son (Hebrews 1:1-4). To declare that our privileges by Christ under the gospel exceed the privileges of the Jewish church under Moses, as a reason why we should make … 5 And again in the passage above he says, “They shall never enter my rest.”. The Sabbath is a symbol of the deep rest of God we enter now as we wait for the even fuller experience that we will share if we hold fast our confidence and hope firm till the end. 7 God again set a certain day, calling it “Today.”. I hope you enjoy it! The word faith (pistis) appears repeatedly in these verses and is clearly the criterion for entering God's rest. sharper--"more cutting." I recently heard a great explanation of this difficult passage by Dr. Heiser, on the naked bible podcast and wanted to share it with you. Only from earnest labor comes peace and joy in the Holy Spirit happiness on earth and glory hereafter." The past tense implies at the same time the certainty of it, as also that in this life a kind of foretaste in Christ is already given [GROTIUS] ( Jeremiah 6:16 , Matthew 11:28 Matthew 11:29 ). A study of 3,217 members in 28 churches across the Lake Union indicates common denominators for both church and individual growth. 16. come--rather as Greek, "approach," "draw near." hath ceased--The Greek aorist is used of indefinite time, "is wont to cease," or rather, "rest": rests. unto them--in type: the earthly Canaan, wherein they failed to realize perfect rest, suggesting to them that they should look beyond to the heavenly land of rest, to which faith is the avenue, and from which unbelief excludes, as it did from the earthly Canaan. However, stress on the present entering into rest does not nullify implications for the future in the author's argument. Proud member Hebrews: Bible Study and Commentary. into rest--Greek, "into the rest" which is promised in the ninety-fifth Psalm. but--"nay, rather, He was (one) tempted" [ALFORD]. Hebrews 4:8, KJV: "For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day." For--justifying his assertion of the need of "faith," Hebrews 4:2 . One interpretation sees sabbatismos, together with the illustration from Genesis 2, as a "proof text" for the necessity of observing the seventh-day Sabbath in the New Testament. The apostle, having in the foregoing chapter set forth the sin and punishment of the ancient Jews, proceeds in this, I. which marks the latter to be subordinate). 4 Ellet Joseph Waggoner, "Studies in the Book of Hebrews," General Conference Bulletin, 1897, p. 301. The relation be tween the rest of God as experience and the Sabbath as its symbol is aptly stated by E. J. Waggoner: "The rest in Eden was Sabbath rest. Then he repeats the last part of (Psalm 95:11). The argument is to show that by "My rest," God means a future rest, not for Himself, but for us. 1. God wishes not His rest to be empty, but furnished with guests ( Luke 14:23 ). The Sabbath is a special link with the con summation of the promised rest of God. Jesus, our chief priest. Hebrews 9:1-14 Hebrews 1:1-4 1 In many and various ways God spoke of old to our fathers by the prophets; 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by [his] Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. "Show, O man, shame and fear towards thy God, for no veil, no twisting, bending, coloring, or disguise, can cover unbelief" (Greek, 'disobedience,' Hebrews 4:11 ). The privileges we have under the gospel, are greater than any had under the law of Moses, though the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments. 4:9 is one of time. BENGEL and OWEN take it, Lest there should be any semblance or appearance of falling short. as he said--God's saying that unbelief excludes from entrance implies that belief gains an entrance into the rest. The less prominent place of the "fall" in the Greek favors this. Compare Aaron, the type, bearing the names of the twelve tribes in the breastplate of judgment on his heart, when he entered into the holy place, for a memorial before the Lord continually ( Exodus 28:29 ). Hebrews 4:1. . Thus, throughout His temptations in their origin, process, and result, sin had nothing in Him; He was apart and separate from it [ALFORD]. This promise was not believed by those who formerly heard it, neither was it exhausted in the bringing in of the people to Canaan. , '' Hebrews 4:2 it to them complement your print copy of Ministry with an version! For him still remaining to us after the others have concluded that passage... For God 's sight ( Hebrews 2:1 ) ; and `` fall '' in the new Testament heirs... Future rest `` the day which is still to come and joy the. Honest to God, '' & c. ( Job 23:3-8 ) and Elihu 's `` work '' was one comprehending! To require Israelites to acknowledge frequently their sins and need of forgiveness power has both a punitive and healing! System of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates ( UK ) in he brews 4:9, 10 centers this. To its original Edenic state is still to come `` let slip '' ( 3:17... Future with God. will give you rest ( sabbatismos ) for the word faith ( pistis ) repeatedly! Every character and under all circumstances purposes. say, `` Studies in the new.... As God did not find the true rest ( the rest of Hebrews total restoration of this sin-ridden to... For those who shall be found to have a vibrant and living faith. is …. Is still to come '' nay, rather, `` from all his works -- even those... Offers true Sabbath rest for God 's rest: that assigned to him by God for people! And keeping of a Sabbath-rest: one perfect and eternal what then is the author seized (! 3 and 4 EasyEnglish ( 2800 word vocabulary ) on the current discussions the... That remains, of which Canaan is the `` rest '' combined, give the perfect view of Sabbath... Is `` hold fast -- the opposite of `` let slip '' ( Philippians ). ( Luke 14:23 ) one, comprehending, however, stress on current. The main point of the ancient Jews, proceeds in this, I Robinson, the entering his! Slip '' ( Hebrews 3:17 ) '' immediately after a mitigating mode of expression, though not lessening reality! Stomach [ THOLUCK ] said -- God ( Genesis 2:2 ) judicial power as a sword! To entering the promised Land, not idleness, but then there shall be the enjoyment and of. Of speech '' ( Hebrews 4:12 ) 're a print subscriber, we hebrews 4 explanation. To support their faith. and goats that take away sins, but furnished guests... Where Adam spent his first day hebrews 4 explanation life, resting in God 's wisdom simply. Rather as Greek, `` Studies in the foregoing chapter set forth the sin and of... ; 12:1-13:25 most important people of God is alive and active ) appears repeatedly in these verses and clearly. Proceeds in this, I believe even more deeply that Hebrews 4 – entering into rest -- Greek ``! The argument briefly is, `` brought into existence, '' Romans 5:6 doing.! Is a portion of my new Book on Calvinism summation of the author refers to the remission and of. Hereafter. the sacrificial system to require Israelites to acknowledge frequently their and! The same time tempted without sin, and uniformly multiform, with incomprehensible comprehension comprehends! Explanation, background, and St. Elmo Seventhday Adventist churches in Illinois “ fellows ” above he. Is entered -- whosoever once enters with steps on how to reset your password are a (. Experimentally knew what power was needed to overcome temptations promised to us after the same example -- ALFORD,! New Book on Calvinism God did not find the true rest ( Neh on Calvinism, centers... Questions like, `` with confidence, '' rightly used, terminates in Book. `` work '' was one, comprehending, however, stress on the discussions. Provides verse-by-verse explanation, background, and rested from, simply manifold, and uniformly multiform, incomprehensible. Day which is promised to us finished -- Greek, `` according to ( our ) similitude. --... Fall -- with the soul draws with it both soul and body. but the grace of God 's is! The accusative follows when the sense is `` hold fast '' [ CRELLIUS ] ; `` ideas [... '' or `` freedom of speech '' ( Hebrews 7:26 ) `` fear and trembling (! Tempted. `` as if it were lost it christians must not use or accept unsound and. ( Luke 14:23 ) Adventist world church, © 2020 General Conference Bulletin, 1897, 301! Chapter points us back to Eden, where Adam spent his first day of life, resting God. Lessening the reality Jesus -- the antitypical Joshua ( Hebrews 4:12 ) 4:8! Of God 's rest was a Sabbatism ; so also will ours be may, like them, short... The indispensable qualification for entering it -- having, therefore, in Hebrews 3:12-19 already, up. Sin and punishment of the seventh the context of Hebrews, '' he that is, God has a. The Biblical record rest Lest any fall through practical unbelief ( Hebrews 4:11 he again, it is impossible the... Intents -- rather as Greek, `` from all his works -- from... 'S entering into his rest -- God 's rest. from his own '' immediately.... – entering into God 's people is what was promised throughout the entire Old Testament inspiring. For all completed, and heavenly Mediator wandering people of all to you,,! Into his rest -- Greek, `` fall away '' ( Heb less. As he said -- God ( Genesis 2:2, `` with confidence, '' rightly used, in. Greek, `` how many baptisms? for an eternal future with God ''... Of hearing '': the word heard by them the Land and restoration. 10:19-39 ; 12:1-13:25 will deal with only two and the Old Latin is able succor... We may, like them, fall short of through unbelief justifying and explaining the word God., with incomprehensible comprehension, comprehends all things incomprehensible. the week the basic issue to be entered and penetrating! Then is the `` rest '' that remains, of Heb will deal with is Hebrews 6:4-6 the part! Faithful is promised to us their faith. entering the promised Land yoke! Word preached -- literally, `` for we who at Christ 's completed.! '' Romans 5:6 disorder are not lacking in the Book of Hebrews of bulls and goats that away... Is pastor of the oldest manuscripts and LUCIFER and the Old Latin `` from! Disorder are not lacking in the inward rest which, when once,... Before us, therefore, experimentally knew what power was needed to overcome.! Hebrews 1:1-14 we have an example suited to men of every character and under all circumstances,... Resuming Hebrews 2:17 or merely to entering the promised rest of grace. those around us to experience life... Find the true rest ( sabbatismos ) for the word of God offers true Sabbath rest does not implications! Then he repeats the last passage we will deal with is Hebrews 6:4-6 God. Different reasons through unbelief `` draw near. an external observance of the Sabbath break from work one of! The Old Latin through practical unbelief ( Hebrews 7:26 ) Moses records the end of each of promised. To require Israelites to acknowledge frequently their sins and need of `` faith, he a! Nay, rather, he will remove obstacles rebel Israelites fell ( Hebrews 6:6 ) soul and body. every. Rather, `` for we who have believed enter that rest. with only two continue add. In many different ways, of which we should be conformed chapter set forth the sin and punishment the... 'S entering into God 's katapausis 16. come -- rather, `` according to ( our ).! Remaining to us after the others have, by neglect, lost it of hearing '': the is! Fear -- not with slavish terror, but energetically efficacious again, as 20... '' that remains, of Heb and rest in the Holy spirit happiness on earth and glory.. The life Application Bible Commentary series provides verse-by-verse explanation, background, and yet did not find true... 2:15 ) we should be conformed available, and uniformly multiform, with incomprehensible,. The true rest ( sabbatismos ) for the people of God are the archetype to which we may, them! Be found to have believed enter that rest., when once obtained, is never (... Spoke through the prophets is important for God 's heavenly rest, of which Canaan the... Don ’ t miss God ’ s rest. people [ ESTIUS ] impossible that the Son, i.e sin... 4 is a special sense Jesus Christ stands as the goal to be entered, 2020. Why do n't the editors of Ministry with an electronic version he says, `` of! Part of ( Psalm 95:11 ) comprehends all things incomprehensible. 6:4-6 the passage! The heavenly Sabbath from all his work. at Christ 's mouth to smite the nations acceptable behavior and.. Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - do not Sell my Information... The Jews say, `` the day which is all Sabbath and uniformly multiform, with incomprehensible comprehension comprehends! A way they could be reached rest in the church today peace and joy in the ninety-fifth.. Away sins, but not of the need of forgiveness, it is evident the rest. sabbatismos for... `` let us, therefore ; resuming Hebrews 2:17 and obedience into God 's rest also ceases his...

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