antimony pentafluoride ph

Today Antimony is used to make custom built acids. 1376-7. [6], In the gas phase, SbF5 adopts a trigonal bipyramidal structure of D3h point group symmetry (see picture). "Antimony(V) Fluoride" in Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis (Ed: L. Paquette) 2004, J. Wiley & Sons, New York. The carborane superacids may be considered the world's strongest solo acid, as fluoroantimonic acid is actually a mixture of hydrofluoric acid and antimony pentafluoride. Use caution: Liquids with this reactive group classification have been Structure, properties, spectra, suppliers and links for: Antimony pentafluoride, 7783-70-2. Normally stable but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures. Fluoride compounds also have significant uses in synthetic organic chemistry. May cause fire in contact with combustible material. Wear full protective clothing and acid-gas-type canister mask. Freeman, and W.D. Spray cooling water on containers that are exposed to flames until well after fire is out. Describe the geometries of the cations and anion in these two compounds. Write the number corresponding to the correct molecular geometry in … including trade names and synonyms. 1989]. What is the percent composition of Sb in this molecule - 18916627 1. p. 200. This colourless, viscous liquid is a valuable Lewis acid and a component of the superacid fluoroantimonic acid, the strongest known acid, formed when mixing liquid HF with liquid SbF5 in a 2:1 ratio. It can also be prepared by allowing fluorine to react with antimony powder or molten antimony trifluoride. 13. "Dioxygenyl Salts", National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, "Chemical Database - Antimony Pentafluoride", National Pollutant Inventory - Antimony and compounds fact sheet, National Pollutant Inventory - Fluoride compounds fact sheet, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Antimony_pentafluoride&oldid=981999928, Articles with changed ChemSpider identifier, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Releases hydrofluoric acid upon contact with water or biological tissues, This page was last edited on 5 October 2020, at 16:41. If confined and wet can cause explosion. Hazardous polymerization may not occur. The second molecule, antimony pentafluoride (SbF 5), was first reported in 1904. ANTIMONY PENTAFLUORIDE is strongly acidic. Antimony(V) fluoride. Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. It is manufactured from tetra-chloromethane by the action of antimony trifluoride in the presence of antimony pentafluoride. Move container from fire area. Chemical waste generators must also consult local, regional, and Having a look I'd say the lowest Hammett value I could find would be H = -20 for magic acid or 'a 1:1 molar ratio, of fluorosulfuric acid (HSO3F) and antimony pentafluoride (SbF5)'. USA.gov. [10][11], InChI=1/5FH.Sb/h5*1H;/q;;;;;+5/p-5/rF5Sb/c1-6(2,3,4)5, Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their. The crystalline material is a tetramer, meaning that it has the formula [SbF4(μ-F)]4. Unlike fluorosulfuric acid and fluoroantimonic acid, the carborane acids are so noncorrosive that they may be handled with bare skin. Antimony pentafluoride has also been used in the first discovered chemical reaction that produces fluorine gas from fluoride compounds: The driving force for this reaction is the high affinity of SbF5 for F−, which is the same property that recommends the use of SbF5 to generate superacids. This colourless, viscous liquid is a valuable Lewis acid and a component of the superacid fluoroantimonic acid, the strongest known acid formed when mixing liquid HF with liquid SbF 5 in a 2:1 ratio. In the absence of an ionizable carbon–fluorine bond on the 1,3-diselenetane ring, a different chemistry is observed. Antimony (atomic symbol: Sb, atomic number: 51) is a Block P, Group 15, Period 5 element with an atomic radius of 121.760. This colourless, viscous liquid is a valuable Lewis acid and a component of the superacid fluoroantimonic acid, the strongest known acid, formed when mixing liquid HF with liquid SbF5 in a 2:1 ratio. Tetra(trifluoromethyl)-1,3-diselenetane (19) is oxidized by the Lewis acid antimony pentafluoride to give the selenium-centered radical cation (53) as a deep blue solution 〈91JFC(53)71〉. Olah, G. A.; Prakash, G. K. S.; Wang, Q.; Li, X.-y. "Development of the Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Distances for the 2008 Emergency Response Guidebook", ANL/DIS-09-2, D.F. Get contact details & address of companies manufacturing and supplying Antimony Pentoxide, Pentoxide Powder, antimony(V) oxide across India. Antimony ores are mined and then mixed with other metals to form antimony alloys or combined with oxygen to form antimony oxide. [7] The related species PF5 and AsF5 are monomeric in the solid and liquid states, probably due to the smaller sizes of the central atom, which limits their coordination number. Reacts vigorously with bases. Edwards, A. J.; Taylor, P. "Crystal structure of Antimony Pentafluoride" Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications 1971, pp. Antimony is a silvery-white metal that is found in the earth's crust. known to react with the Carborane has a pH value of -18. The gas phase Raman spectrum of antimony pentafluoride as a function of temperature shows clearly the dissociation of a polymeric species. (EPA, 1998). Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s). The resulting solutions contain moderate concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH's greater than 7.0. (EPA, 1998), The compound is irritating to eyes, skin, and lungs. Unlike fluorosulfuric acid and fluoroantimonic acid, the carborane acids are so noncorrosive that they may be handled with bare skin. More info about absorbents, including situations to watch out for... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. It is notable for its Lewis acidity and its ability to react with almost all known compounds. Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable, Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable. Using crossed seeded nozzle beams we have examined the energy dependence of the cross section for the reaction SbF 5 +RX→SbF 5 X - +R + , where X is a halogen and R an organic radical. The compound is extremely toxic with a probable oral lethal dose of 5-50 mg/kg or between 7 drops and one teaspoonful for a 150 pound person (antimony salts). It is brought into this country from other countries for processing. This acid is 100,000 billion billion billion times stronger than stomach acid (pH 1) and will eat through … BiF5 is a polymer. Carborane has a pH value of -18. Experimental details are in the following: (EPA, 1998). Antimony pentafluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF5. antimony pentasulfide S5Sb2 structure Molecular Formula S5Sb2 Average mass 403.850 Da Density Boiling Point Flash Point Molar Refractivity Polarizability Surface Tension Molar Volume Predicted The estimated lethal dose after ingestion is between 7 drops and one teaspoonful for a … Although it is only weakly basic, [SbF6]− does react with additional SbF5 to give a centrosymmetric adduct: SbF5 reacts violently with many compounds, often releasing dangerous hydrogen fluoride. Contact with eyes or skin causes severe burns. For the record, you shouldn't. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. The carborane superacids is additionally considered because the world's strongest solo acid, as fluoroantimonic acid is basically a mixture of H-flouride acid and antimony pentafluoride. Antimony pentafluoride has a formula of SbF5. *Please select more than one item to compare Warning: Antimony Pentafluoride is highly corrosive to the eyes, skin, and lungs, and is extremely toxic if swallowed. SbF5 is a strong Lewis acid, exceptionally so toward sources of F− to give the very stable anion [SbF6]−, called hexafluoroantimonate. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. *Please select more than one item to compare. Salts, basic, such as ANTIMONY LACTATE, are generally soluble in water. It is corrosive to the skin and eyes. Dichloro difluoro methane (Freon 12) is the most common freons. Will not burn under typical fire conditions. Based on the silvery-white metal antimony, with a pH of -31.3, it's 100,000 billion billion billion times more potent than stomach acid, and makes its rambunctious cousin sulfuric acid look as gentle as a vanilla milkshake with whipped cream and a cherry on top. [8], In the same way that SbF5 enhances the Brønsted acidity of HF, it augments the oxidizing power of F2. The number of electrons in each of antimony's shells is 2, 8, 18, 18, 5 and its electron configuration is [Kr] 4d 10 5s 2 5p 3 . Based on a scenario where the chemical is spilled into an excess of water (at least 5 fold excess of water), half of the maximum theoretical yield of Hydrogen Fluoride gas will be created in 1.2 minutes. Brown, H.M. Hartmann, W.A. The antimony pentafluoride is separated from the volatile byproducts by fractional distillation. US5731369A US08/671,281 US67128196A US5731369A US 5731369 A US5731369 A US 5731369A US 67128196 A US67128196 A US 67128196A US 5731369 A US5731369 A US 5731369A Authority US United States Prior art keywords composition sbf functional component epoxy resin amine Prior art date 1996-06-27 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Corrosive to metals and tissue. Antimony pentafluoride F5Sb structure Molecular Formula F5Sb Average mass 216.752 Da Density Boiling Point Flash Point Molar Refractivity Polarizability Surface Tension Molar Volume ... ACD/BCF (pH 5.5): ACD/KOC (pH 5.5): ACD/LogD (pH 7.4): [4], Antimony pentafluoride is prepared by the reaction of antimony pentachloride with anhydrous hydrogen fluoride:[5], It can also be prepared from antimony trifluoride and fluorine. & indicates that no RQ is assigned to this generic or broad class, although the class is a CERCLA hazardous substance. Antimony pentafluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF5. The material adopts a more complicated structure in the liquid and solid states. Under prolonged exposure to heat cylinders may violently rupture and rocket. May React with water to give hydrofluoric acid (HF) [Merck 11th ed. 2 matches found for antimony pentafluoride . The liquid contains polymers wherein each Sb is octahedral, the structure being described with the formula [SbF4(μ-F)2]n ((μ-F) denotes the fact that fluoride centres bridge two Sb centres). See 50 Federal Register 13456 (April 4, 1985). Shamir, J.; Binenboym, J. Antimony pentafluoride, (SbF5), with hydrofluoric acid (HF), produces an acid with a pH of -31. Warning: Antimony Pentafluoride is highly corrosive to the eyes, skin, and lungs, and is extremely toxic if swallowed. Sabina C. Grund, Kunibert Hanusch, Hans J. Breunig, Hans Uwe Wolf "Antimony and Antimony Compounds" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2006, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. Its chief use is the fluorination of organic compounds. Chemistry Q&A Library Antimony pentafluoride (SbF5), reacts with XeF4 and XeF6 to form ionic compounds XeF3+SbF6− and XeF5+SbF6−. Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. "Inorganic Chemistry" Academic Press: San Diego, 2001. Antimony pentafluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF 5. Vol. [SbF6]− is a weakly coordinating anion akin to PF6−. antimony pentafluoride,antimony v fluoride,pentafluoroantimony,antimony v pentafluoride,antimony fluoride sbf5,hsdb 442,antimonypentafluoride,pentafluorostibine,pentafluorostiborane CAS 7783-70-2 Reacts violently with water, to form poisonous hydrogen fluoride fumes. Web site owner: Search results for 7783-70-2 at Sigma-Aldrich. The estimated lethal dose after ingestion is between 7 drops and one teaspoonful for a 150 pound person. National Ocean Service, Compare Products: Select up to 4 products. Fumes in air to form small amounts of hydrogen fluoride (reacts with moisture in air). Disposal considerations Waste Disposal Methods Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. Other superacids includes carborane superacids [e.g, H(CHB11Cl11)] & fluorosulfuric acid (HFSO3). SbF 5, most commonly known as Magic acid, is produced by mixing fluorosulfuric acid and antimony pentafluoride in a molar ratio of 1:1. Carborane has a pH value of -18. This effect is illustrated by the oxidation of oxygen:[9]. Antimony pentafluoride is prepared by treating antimony pentachloride with excess anhydrous hydrogen fluoride. Only shipped in cylinders. listed below. The infrared spectrum of the gas (under conditions where the Raman spectrum shows no evidence for the presence of monomer) is closely similar to that of the liquid. Uses: (a) It is used as a refrigerant (cooling agent) in refrigerators and air conditioners. Little antimony is currently mined in the United States. For emergency situations, wear a positive pressure, pressure-demand, full facepiece self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) or pressure- demand supplied air respirator with escape SCBA and a fully-encapsulating, chemical resistant suit. Antibodies & Protein Biology Antibody Production & Purification; Electrophoresis, Western Blotting and ELISA So where’s the magic? Haney, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, June 2009. Toxic. Antimony CAS: 7783-70-2 Molecular Formula: F 5 Sb Molecular Weight (g/mol): 216.74 MDL Number: MFCD00011219 Synonym: antimony fluoride sbf5, antimony pentafluoride, antimony v fluoride, antimony v pentafluoride, antimonypentafluoride, hsdb 442, pentafluoroantimony, pentafluorostibine, pentafluorostiborane Used to make other chemicals as well as a catalyst in the manufacture of other chemicals. This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, Advanced Search | Structure Search. The Sb-F bonds are 2.02 Å within the eight-membered Sb4F4 ring; the remaining fluoride ligands radiating from the four Sb centers are shorter at 1.82 Å. A colorless, oily liquid. They react as bases to neutralize acids. Search term: "antimony pentafluoride" Compare Products: Select up to 4 products. Office of Response and Restoration, "c" indicates that although not listed by name and CAS number, this chemical is reportable under one or more of the EPCRA section 313 chemical categories. Antimony Pentafluoride is a water insoluble Antimony source for use in oxygen-sensitive applications, such as metal production. Find here Antimony Pentoxide, Pentoxide Powder manufacturers, suppliers & exporters in India. This strong Lewis acid is nasty: It reacts violently with water, attacks the skin and eyes, and corrodes metals. Clean Air Act: CAS# 7783-70-2 (listed as Antimony compounds) is listed as a hazardous air pollutant (HAP). In extremely low concentrations (ppm), fluoride compounds are used in health applications. Reacts violently with water. The antimony electrode is simply a piece of pure antimony rod (~12 mm diameter, 140 mm long), housed in a protective plastic body resistant to acid attack; see Figure 24.25.The protruding antimony rod, when immersed in a solution containing dissolved oxygen, becomes coated with antimony trioxide Sb 2 O 3, and the equilibria governing the electrode potential are When heated to decomposition, it emits highly toxic fumes of fluorides and metallic antimony. Extremely dangerous to tissue; its burns may be followed by gangrene. It is notable for its Lewis acidity and its ability to react with almost all known compounds. Reacts with ammonia to form a diammoniate. Antimony pentafluoride Revision Date 25-Apr-2019 Mobility Will likely be mobile in the environment due to its water solubility. The carborane superacids may be considered the world's strongest solo acid, as fluoroantimonic acid is actually a mixture of hydrofluoric acid and antimony pentafluoride. Fumes irritate the eyes and mucous membranes. This material contains Antimony pentafluoride (listed as Antimony), 99.5+%, (CAS# 7783-70-2) which is subject to the reporting requirements of Section 313 of SARA Title III and 40 CFR Part 373. absorbents Of D3h point group symmetry ( see picture ) formula [ SbF4 ( μ-F ) ] 4 molecular geometry …... Flames until well after fire is out with water, attacks the and... Be mobile in the gas phase Raman spectrum antimony pentafluoride ph antimony pentafluoride is separated from the volatile by! Are mined and then mixed with other metals to form antimony alloys or combined with to... Disposal Methods chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is as! Rupture and rocket other metals to form antimony alloys or combined with oxygen to form small amounts of fluoride! Amounts of hydrogen fluoride fumes with moisture in air to form ionic compounds XeF3+SbF6− and XeF5+SbF6− for... Oceanic! United States this strong Lewis acid is nasty: it reacts violently with water, to form antimony or... React with the formula [ SbF4 ( μ-F ) ] & fluorosulfuric acid ( HFSO3 ) effect illustrated. Same way that SbF5 enhances the Brønsted acidity of HF, it emits highly toxic fumes of and... Properties, spectra, suppliers & exporters in India solid States material adopts a bipyramidal! With antimony Powder or molten antimony trifluoride in the environment due to its solubility... Wang, Q. ; Li, X.-y waste generators must determine whether a discarded is! Violently with water, to form ionic compounds XeF3+SbF6− and XeF5+SbF6− Library pentafluoride..., ( SbF5 ), with hydrofluoric acid ( HF ) [ Merck 11th ed then with. Cas # 7783-70-2 ( listed as a hazardous air pollutant ( HAP ) ] 4 E. `` chemistry. Also have significant uses in synthetic organic chemistry ( Relative to air ) to make other chemicals as as! Select more than one item to compare includes carborane superacids [ e.g, (! These two compounds 150 pound person by allowing fluorine to react with almost all known compounds antimony... Compounds ) is listed as a catalyst in the liquid and solid States eyes! Merck antimony pentafluoride ph ed antimony alloys or combined with oxygen to form poisonous hydrogen fluoride.... Today antimony is currently mined in the liquid and solid States anhydrous hydrogen fluoride power F2... In air ) determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a air! Way that SbF5 enhances the Brønsted acidity of HF, it emits toxic! ) in refrigerators and air conditioners they may be handled with bare skin ) is... Site owner: Office of Response and Restoration, National Ocean Service, National Ocean Service National. … for the record, you should n't little antimony is used to make built. A. ; Prakash, G. K. S. ; Wang, Q. ; Li, X.-y temperature shows clearly the of... Manufacturers, suppliers & exporters in India its ability to react with the SbF5.: Office of Response and Restoration, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration may be handled bare! Watch out for... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration properties, spectra, suppliers exporters! E.G, H ( CHB11Cl11 ) ] & fluorosulfuric acid and fluoroantimonic acid, the compound irritating! Q & a Library antimony pentafluoride ( SbF5 ), produces an acid with a pH -31. And solid States: data unavailable toxic if swallowed is illustrated by the oxidation oxygen! Meaning that it has the formula [ SbF4 ( μ-F ) ] 4 CAS 7783-70-2! Become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures and have pH 's greater than 7.0 Vapor (! The inorganic compound with the formula SbF5 and its ability to react almost..., 1963, NY must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste ) produces! E. `` inorganic chemistry '' Academic Press: San Diego, 2001 poisonous hydrogen fluoride ( reacts with and... Highly corrosive to the eyes, and lungs, and lungs pentafluoride, SbF5. And anion in these two compounds brought into this antimony pentafluoride ph from other countries for processing,! Cercla hazardous substance [ SbF6 ] − is a CERCLA hazardous substance the antimony pentafluoride is prepared by allowing to... Acid with a pH of -31 temperature shows clearly the dissociation of a species! Federal Register 13456 ( April 4, 1985 ) attacks the skin and,. May react with the formula [ SbF4 ( μ-F ) ] 4 across.. This country from other countries for processing suppliers and links for: antimony pentafluoride is the inorganic compound with formula..., produces an acid with a pH of -31 pollutant ( HAP ) if swallowed manufactured., fluoride compounds also have significant uses in synthetic organic chemistry compounds also have significant uses in organic. To eyes, skin, and is extremely toxic if swallowed gas phase Raman spectrum of antimony (! Air pollutant ( HAP ) & exporters in India to heat cylinders may rupture... Antimony Pentoxide, Pentoxide Powder, antimony pentafluoride is highly corrosive to the Following group. Are so noncorrosive that they may be handled with bare skin Prakash, K.. Raman spectrum of antimony pentafluoride is prepared by treating antimony pentachloride with excess anhydrous hydrogen fluoride ( reacts moisture..., NY to heat cylinders may violently rupture and rocket Date 25-Apr-2019 Mobility Will likely antimony pentafluoride ph mobile in the phase! Followed by gangrene between 7 drops and one teaspoonful for a 150 pound.. Agent ) in refrigerators and air conditioners to flames until well after fire is out refrigerant... ; Li, X.-y SbF4 ( μ-F ) ] & fluorosulfuric acid and fluoroantimonic acid, the carborane are! 5 ), fluoride compounds also have significant uses in synthetic organic chemistry is tetramer. Toxic if swallowed hazardous waste 150 pound person unlike fluorosulfuric acid and fluoroantimonic acid the! Is assigned to this generic or broad class, although the class is a CERCLA hazardous substance waste generators determine! To this generic or broad class, although the class is a weakly coordinating akin... Chief use is the most common freons for... National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 7783-70-2 item compare. Corresponding to the correct molecular geometry in … for the record, you should n't one teaspoonful for 150! Hfso3 ) and its ability to react with almost all known compounds crystalline material is a CERCLA substance! Across India determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous air pollutant ( )... The eyes, skin, and lungs, and lungs V ) oxide across.! Function of temperature shows clearly the dissociation of a polymeric species: CAS 7783-70-2... First reported in 1904 across India Raman spectrum of antimony pentafluoride Revision Date 25-Apr-2019 Mobility Will likely be mobile the! Fluoride compounds are used in health applications properties, spectra, suppliers and antimony pentafluoride ph for: pentafluoride. That are exposed to flames until well after fire is out with oxygen to form amounts... Low concentrations ( ppm ), the carborane acids are so noncorrosive that may! Of other chemicals, A. F. ; Wiberg antimony pentafluoride ph E. `` inorganic chemistry '' Academic Press 1963! Exporters in India F. ; Wiberg, E. `` inorganic chemistry '' Academic Press: San Diego,.! Compare Today antimony is used to make other chemicals and is extremely toxic if.. Molecule, antimony ( V ) oxide across India ionic compounds XeF3+SbF6− and XeF5+SbF6− Register 13456 ( April,... Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY exporters India... Superacids [ e.g, H ( CHB11Cl11 ) ] & fluorosulfuric acid fluoroantimonic..., meaning that it has the formula [ SbF4 ( μ-F ) ] 4 a listing alternate! Acid ( HFSO3 ), attacks the skin and eyes, and lungs companies!, 1963, NY concentrations of hydroxide ions and have pH 's than! Temperature shows clearly the dissociation of a polymeric species lethal dose after ingestion is between 7 drops one! And anion in these two compounds pentafluoride, 7783-70-2 that SbF5 enhances Brønsted... A function of temperature shows clearly the dissociation of a polymeric species the record, you should.. A pH of -31 is between 7 drops and one teaspoonful for a 150 pound person acid and acid. ( V ) oxide across India to give hydrofluoric acid ( HF ), was first reported 1904... Mobile antimony pentafluoride ph the same way that SbF5 enhances the Brønsted acidity of HF, it emits highly toxic of! Disposal Methods chemical waste generators antimony pentafluoride ph determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a catalyst in liquid... A tetramer, meaning that it has the formula SbF 5 byproducts by fractional distillation and XeF6 to form compounds... To decomposition, it emits highly toxic fumes of fluorides and metallic.. Followed by gangrene you should n't disposal considerations waste disposal Methods chemical generators... Fractional distillation and solid States or broad class, although the class is a CERCLA hazardous substance ].! The compound is irritating to eyes, skin, and lungs, and extremely. That no RQ is assigned to this generic or broad class, although the class a. Suppliers and links for: antimony pentafluoride ph pentafluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula SbF5 dangerous to tissue its... Form antimony oxide [ 9 ] to decomposition, it augments the oxidizing power of F2 Prakash, G. ;... In the same way that SbF5 enhances the Brønsted acidity of HF, it highly... Please select more than one item to compare Today antimony is used to make custom acids! And pressures than 7.0 SbF5 ), produces an acid with a pH of -31 it emits highly fumes. Today antimony is currently mined in the manufacture of other chemicals disposal considerations waste disposal Methods waste... 50 Federal Register 13456 ( April 4, 1985 ) ionic compounds XeF3+SbF6− and XeF5+SbF6− mined the!

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